Communication is a basic function of human beings that has been widely discussed from a scholarly angle for the last one century. There are different models and theories proposed to describe its different dimensions. Mostly Western, few of them Eastern/Indian. Sadharnikarn model from the Natyashastra is also quite discussed about. Some others based on the other systems of philosophy are evolving, mostly derived from epistemological basis. Much more is needed to be done. In Indian tradition, complete picture of communication cannot be thought of without taking into consideration the in-depth and holistic view of human beings, their goal of life and its interrelation with society, world, and the universe at large. In the Indian tradition Shabda (speech) originates from Shabda-Brahma/Nad-brahma. And it has four types – para, pashyanty, madhyama & vaikhary. Life is defined with four value systems – Dharma, artha, kama & moksha; Moksha being the ultimate one. Thus Self-realization is the prime goal here & knowing oneself the beginning of all wisdom. Atmabatsarvabhuteshu and Vasudhev kutumbkam are the defining ideals of Indian Psyche (culture). In this background, communication as a concept in India has far wider, deeper, and somewhat different meaning than what’s described in the western tradition, which has a different set of value-belief system, defining philosophy, and cultural context.This paper will discuss the concept of communication in the Indian context with special reference to the Vedic spiritual tradition. It is the researcher’s firm conviction that in the Vedic tradition, intrapersonal communication or spiritual communication was the basis of all other forms of communication. Cut off from inner reality merely outward communication (Interpersonal, group or mass communication) cannot achieve the desired goal defined in Indian culture.
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