The Pioneer of Plastic Surgery – ‘Sushruta’


Sushruta samhita
Plastic surgery


How to Cite

GUPTA, A. K. (2015). The Pioneer of Plastic Surgery – ‘Sushruta’. Dev Sanskriti Interdisciplinary International Journal, 6, 39–43.


Sushruta, one of the earliest surgeon of the recorded history (600 B.C.) is believed to be the first person to describe plastic surgery. Sushruta, who lived nearly 150 years before Hippocrates, has vividly described the basic principles of plastic surgery in his famous ancient treatise ‘Sushruta samhita'. Sushruta samhita is the oldest authentic text-book of Shalya–tantra describing the Re-constructive plastic surgical operations. Numerous re-constructive surgical techniques and some exclusive cosmetic procedures have been narrated besides other surgical maneuvers by Sushruta. This paper presents a historical window into various contributions of Sushruta towards plastic surgery and allied fields described in ‘Sushruta samhita’ around 1000 B.C.


Ackernecht, E. H. (1982). A short history of Medicine. Maryland: Johns Hopkins University Press.

Agarwal, D. P. (nd.). Sushruta: The Great Surgeon of Yore. Retrieved from agraw_susruta.htm on 07/07/2007

Bhishagratna, K. K. (1963). The SushrutaSamhita [An English translation.] Varanasi: Chowkhambha Sanskrit Series Office

Castiglioni, A. (1947). A History of Medicine (2nd Ed). New York: Jason Aronson Inc.

Chari, P. S. (2003). Sushruta and our heritage. Indian Journal of Plastic Surgery, 36, 4-13.

Das, S. (2007). Urology in Ancient India. Indian Journal of Urology, 23(1), 2-5.

Hoernle, A. F. (1907). Studies in the medicine of ancient India. Oxford: Clarendon Press.

McDowell, F. (1977). The Source Book of Plastic Surgery. Baltimore: Williams and Wilkins Company.

Mukhopadhyaya, G. (1929). The surgical instruments of the Hindus, with a comparative study of the surgical instruments of Greek, Roman, Arab and the modern European surgeons. Calcutta University Press : Calcutta.

Raju, V. K. (2003). Sushruta of ancient India. Indian Journal of Ophthalmology, 51(2),119-122.

Rana, R. E. & Arora, B. S. (2002). History of plastic surgery in India. Journal of postgraduate Medicine, 48(1), 76-78.

Shastri, A. D. (1993). Sushruta samhita : Ayurveda-tattva-sandipika (Hindi commentary, part 1&2, 8th edition). Varanasi: Chaukhamba Sanskrit sansthan

Tewari, M. & Shukla, H. S. (2005). The Father of Indian Surgery. Indian Journal of Surgery, 67(4), 229-230.

Vyas, D. (2012). Comprehensive text book of surgery. New Delhi: Jaypee brothers medical publishers(P) Ltd.

Whipple, A. O. (1963). The Story of Wound Healing and Wound Repair. California: University of California.

Wise, T. A. (1845). Commentary on the Hindu system of medicine. Calcutta: Thacker

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.