Earthen hemisphere is gifted with varieties of large number of medicinal herbs. Herbs are natural remedies for the disease with higher safety profile and efficacy. India has an ancient heritage of traditional herbal medicine. Ayurvedic literature has a treasure of medicinal herbs in which Trikatu is very important drug. Trikatu is used as solo drug rarely, but it is an essential ingredient of numerous formulations and prescriptions of Ayurvedic medicine. Trikatu is a poly herbal preparation, It consists of three crude drugs namely maricha (Piper nigrum Linn.), Pippali (Piper longum Linn.) and Shunthi (Zingiber officinalis Rosc) in the ratio of (1:1:1; w:w). Trikatu curna is considered as one of the best drugs to treat the condition of Ama(improperly digested absorbed and improperly metabolised food particles including free radicles) . Trikatu is regarded as the drug of choice in cases of Agnimandya (poor digestion due to faulty digestive process). In Brihattrayi, it is recommended for various diseases due to Agni (digestive fire) vitiation such as Grahaniroga(Malabsorbtion syndrome), Udara roga(major diseases of abdomen surgical and medical like hepatomegaly, spleenomegaly and ascitis ), Arsharoga(piles) etc. The objective of this article is to highlight classification, synonyms, pharmacological actions as described in various diseases, and different formulations of Trikatu in ancient Ayurvedic literature in special reference of Brihattrayi and Nighantus.
Acharya, V. Y. T. & Acharya, N. R. (Ed. 2007). Sushruta Samhita. Varanasi: Chaukhambha Orientalia.
Chanda, D. (2009). Safety evaluation of Trikatu a generic Ayurvedic medicine in Charles foster rats. The Journal of Toxicological Sciences, 34(1), 99-108.
Choudhury, R. P., Kumar, A., Reddy, A.V. R. & Garga, A. N. (2007). Thermal neutron activation analysis of essential and trace elements and organic contents in trikatu an Ayurvedic formulation. Journal of Radioanalytical and Neuclear Chemistry, 274(2), 411-419).
Dwarkanatha, C. (2003). Digestion and Metabolism in Ayurveda. Varanasi: Chaukhambha Krishnadas Academy.
Jain, N. & Mishra, R. N. (2011). The evaluation of immunomodulatory potential by oral administration of Trikatu mega Ext (100-200 mg/kg). International Journal of Research in Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Sciences, 2(1), 160-164.
Malvankar, P. R. & Abhyankar, M. M. (2012). Antimicrobial activity of water extracts of trikatu churna and its individual ingredient. International Journal Pharmaceutical Science and Research, 3(4), 1087-1089.
Ojha, J. & Mishra, U. (Ed. 2004). Dhanvantri Nighantu (Misharakadi varga-5). Varansi: Chaukhamba Subharti Prakashana.
Pandey, G. (Ed. 2012). Madanpal Nighantu (Shunthyadi Varga-16). Varansi: Chaukhamba Orientalia.
Pandey, G. (Ed. 2012). Bhavaprakash Nighantu (Haritakyadi Varga: 62-63). Varansi: Chaukhamba Orientalia.
Sharma, P. V. & Sharma, G. P. (Ed. 2006). Kaideva Nighantu (Aushdhi Varga: 1170-71). Varansi: Chaukhamba Orientalia.
Shastri, R. (Ed. 2005). Charaka Samhita. Varanasi: Chaukhambha Bharati Academy.
Singh, K. S. (2012). Clinical Evaluation of Trikatu. Journal of Pharmaceutical and Scientific Innovation, 1(1), 50-54.
Tripathi, B. (Ed. 2005). Ashtanga Hridya. Delhi: Chaukhambha Samskrita Pratishthana.
Tripathi, I. (Ed. 2006). Raja Nighantu (Misharaka Gana-2). Varansi: Chaukhamba Krishna Das Academy.
Tripathi, R. D. (2005). Ashtanga Samgraha. Delhi: Chaukhambha Samskrita Pratishthana.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.