Role of Victim in the Criminal Justice System


Criminal Justice System


How to Cite

MATHEW, M. (2014). Role of Victim in the Criminal Justice System. Dev Sanskriti Interdisciplinary International Journal, 3, 30–36.


The victims of crime are those who have formerly endured injury or are possibly suffering as an outcome of crimes having been committed. The direct family or dependants of the direct victims, who are harmfully affected, are also included within the meaning of the term “Victims”. The predicament of the victims does not finish with the crime but it persists. It may even increase, following the crimes; since they have to face the rigors of the actuality, such as deficient support system, dearth of social backing, and sense of anxiety. They also experience the intricacy of police inquiry, magisterial investigation and criminal trial. The impact of victimization on different kinds of victims due to different types of crimes has been varied such as physical, psychological and financial. Through this paper writer has endeavored to check the situation of victims of crime in India and the criminal justice system. It is apparent that the desolation of the victims have not been effectively addressed or even gone out of contemplation. Victims are disregarded, may, forgotten. The paper also stresses the need to provide support to crime victims. The author of the present paper has also recommended some of the imperative steps that are to be implemented by the law enforcement agencies in India to improve the position of victims in the criminal justice system.


(1981) 1 SCC107

(1981) 1 SCR 1196

(1981) SCC (Cri) 112

Criminal Law Journal 1440

(2) SCALE 593

, CrPC, (1973): Section-352, Code of Criminal Procedure, Act. 1973.

, CrPC (1973): Section-358, Code of Criminal Procedure, Act. 1973.

CrPC, 1(2008): Code of Criminal Procedure (Amendment), Section-1, Act. 2008, p. 113

CrPC, 2(wa), (2008): Code of Criminal Procedure, Section-2(wa), Act. 2008.

All India Report, 1977 SC 1323

All India Report, 2005 SC 2119

All India Report, 2009 SC 1535

All India Report,1977, 2, p. 56

All India Reporter 1980 SC 2147

Baxi, U. (2003). Introductory critique to the malimath committee on reforms of criminal justice system: Premises, politics and implications for human rights. Amnesty International India, 19, 76.

Government of India, Report (2003): Committee on Reforms of Criminal Justice System (Ministry of Home Affairs, 2003), p. 75, 157 (para, 11.3), 270 & 271.

Kannan, D. (2009). Rights of victim and the criminal procedure code: A critical study. MLJ , 3, 112.

Prakash, B. V. K. (2008). Victimology: The weak limb of criminal justice delivery system. Kerala Law Time, 4, 45.

Srinivas, M. & Mathew, J. E. (2007). Victim and the criminal justice system in Inida: Need for a paradigm shift in the justice. Temida, 10 (2), 51-62.

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.