The Addressing Anxiety Disorder through Indigenous Therapeutics : A Review


Anxiety Disorder
Yoga Therapy
Marma Therapy
Pranic Healing
Yagya Therapy


How to Cite

Dwivedi, S. . (2022). The Addressing Anxiety Disorder through Indigenous Therapeutics : A Review. Dev Sanskriti Interdisciplinary International Journal, 20, 27–35.


In modern times, there is a rise in the number of cases suffering from mental health issues. Anxiety disorder is one of the significant mental illnesses. Various psychological and pharmacological interventions are available to treat anxiety and reduce its symptoms. However, these interventions have various limitations, and comprehensive treatment of this disorder is still a challenge. Ancient indigenous therapeutic techniques such as Yoga Therapy, Marma Therapy and Pranic healing, and Yagya Therapy are promising in the treatment of this disorder. The present study reviewed the applicability of these techniques for the treatment of this disorder. Yoga is an effective therapeutic intervention which can be used to treat anxiety. Yoga helps in addressing the biological symptoms of anxiety disorder. Stimulating marma points helps in mental and physical well-being and the development of self-healing powers. Stimulation of marma points of throat and head helps in treating anxiety disorder. Through pranic healing, the imbalanced chakras responsible for anxiety are energised which influence the physical body, mind, and emotions. Yagya therapy is beneficial in managing anxiety through the fumes of the herbs. It is beneficial in maintaining overall psychological well-being. From the review, it is clear that indigenous therapeutic interventions such as yoga therapy, marma therapy, pranic healing, and Yagya therapy help treat anxiety disorder and maintain good mental wellbeing.


Press Information Bureau. Press release details, [Internet] Government of India, [cited 2022 April 22]. Available from:

World Health Organization, News. [Internet] [cited 2022 April 23]. Available from:

Anxiety and Depression Association of America, [Internet] Understand anxiety and depression [cited 2022 April 23]. Available from

Santomauro DF, Mantilla Herrera AM, Shadid J, Zheng P, Ashbaugh C, Pigott DM, et al. Global prevalence and burden of depressive and anxiety disorders in 204 countries and territories in 2020 due to the COVID-19 pandemic. The Lancet 2021;398:1700–12.

Bystritsky, A., Khalsa, S. S., Cameron, M. E., and Schiffman, J. Current diagnosis and treatment of anxiety disorders. A peer-reviewed journal for formulary management, 2013;38(1):30-57.

American Psychological Association. [Internet] Anxiety. [cited 2022 April 23]. Available from:

VandenBos GR, editor. APA dictionary of psychology (2nd ed.). American Psychological Association; 2015.


Steimer T. The biology of fear- and anxiety-related behaviors. Dialogues in Clinical Neuroscience 2002;4:231–49.

Ramchandra V.S., Encyclopaedia of Brain Volume 1, Academic Press, California, USA. 2002, 159-180.

Chand SP, Marwaha R. Stat Pearls Treasure Island,[Internet] Stat Pearls Publishing; 2022; [cited 2022 April 23].

Robin M. A Handbook for Yogasana Teachers: The incorporation of neuroscience, physiology, and anatomy into the practice. 1st ed. Wheatmark, Arizona, USA. 2009; 753-767.

Yoganand, P. The Bhagavad Gita. Yogoda satsanga society of India. New Delhi, India. 2018.

American Psychiatric Association. Anxiety. Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (5th ed.). American Psychiatric Association, Washington DC, USA. 2013.

Yoga Vashishtha, [Internet] Traditional Religion Book. [cited 2022 April 23]. Available from: (

Anu Dandona. Importance of Atharva Veda in Psychology. Issues Ideas Educ 2018;6:125–7.

Model, P., Psychaitry in Ancient India: Towards an alternative standpoint, NIMHANS Journal, 1996, 14(3):167-199

Mitra, V.L. Yoga vasishta by Valmiki, Shri Shivabalayogi Maharaj International Trust Tucson, USA; 2013.

Iyengar, B.K.S. Light on yoga. Schocken Books, New York, USA; 1979.

Satchidananda, Patanjali: The yoga sutras of Patanjali. Integral Yoga Publications, Buckingham. 2012.

Woodyard C. Exploring the therapeutic effects of yoga and its ability to increase quality of life. Int J Yoga 2011;4:49.

Streeter CC, Whitfield TH, Owen L, Rein T, Karri SK, Yakhkind A, et al. Effects of Yoga Versus Walking on Mood, Anxiety, and Brain GABA Levels: A Randomized Controlled MRS Study. The Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine 2010;16:1145–52.

Miller JJ, Fletcher K, Kabat-Zinn J. Three-year follow-up and clinical implications of a mindfulness meditation-based stress reduction intervention in the treatment of anxiety disorders. General Hospital Psychiatry 1995;17:192–200.

Robin M. A Handbook for Yogasana Teachers: The incorporation of neuroscience, physiology, and anatomy into the practice. 1st ed. Wheatmark, Arizona, USA. 2009; 763.

Suman, K.K. Yoga Therapy, Lotus Press, New Delhi, India. 2006.

Srivastava N, Rani K, Singh U, Tiwari S, Singh I. Yoga Nidra as a complementary treatment of anxiety and depressive symptoms in patients with menstrual disorder. Int J Yoga 2012;5:52.

Saraswati SS. Asana Pranayama Mudra Bandha. Munger, Bihar, India: Yoga Publications Trust; 2006.

Saraswati SN. Gherand Samhita - Maharshi Gherand ki yogashiksha par bhashya (Hindi). Munger, Bihar, India: Yoga Publications Trust; 2004.

Gupta P K., Kumar M., Kumari R., Deo J M. Anuloma-Viloma pranayama and anxiety and depression among the aged. Indian Academic Applied Psychology. 2010; 3(6),59-64.

Novaes MM, Palhano-Fontes F, Onias H, Andrade KC, Lobão-Soares B, Arruda-Sanchez T, et al. Effects of Yoga Respiratory Practice (Bhastrika pranayama) on Anxiety, Affect, and Brain Functional Connectivity and Activity: A Randomized Controlled Trial. Front Psychiatry 2020;11.

Joshi SK. Marma Science and principles of Marma therapy. 1st ed. Vani Publication; 2010.

National Health portal. Marma therapy. National Health portal,[Internet] Centre for Health Informatics, National Institute of Health and Family Welfare (NIHFW), Ministry of Health and Family Welfare(Cited 2022 April 24), Government of India.

Murthy KRS. Susruta Samhita. Volume I, II, III; Chaukhamba Orientalia; 2008.

Schrott E, Raju JR, Schrott S. Marma therapy. (Translated by) Lorys M., Singing Dragon; 2016.

Joshi, SK. Marma Chikitsa Vigyaan, 3rd ed., Aadi Arts. New Delhi, India. 2015.

Mishra, A. Exploring the science of Marma: An ancient healing technique, 1st ed., Dev Sanskriti Vishwavidyalaya, Haridwar, Uttrakhand, 2021.

Field T, Morrow C, Valdeon C, Larson S, Kuhn C, Schanberg S. Massage Reduces Anxiety in Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Patients. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry 1992;31:125–31.

Hatayama T, Kitamura S, Tamura C, Nagano M, Ohnuki K. The facial massage reduced anxiety and negative mood status, and increased sympathetic nervous activity. Biomed Res 2008;29:317–20.

Sui C.K., Miracles through pranic healing. 3rd edition. Health Accessories for all, Secunderabad, India.

Frawley D. Yoga and Ayurveda: self-healing and self-realization. 1st edition. Lotus Press, Twin Lakes, USA.

Sui C.K., Pranic Psychotherapy. 2nd Indian ed., Shankar Printers, Bangalore, India.

Wardha H. Pranic healing. The Australian Journal of holistic nursing, 2004;11(1):35-40.

Khokhar Cp, Manchanda Sc, Sharma N, Sharma P. Yagya Therapy for Managing Inferiority and Insecurity feeling of HIV+ /AIDS Patients. Dev Sanskriti Interdis Internat J 2019;1:71–8.

Verma S, Mishra A, Shrivastava V. Yagya Therapy in Vedic and Ayurvedic Literature: A Preliminary exploration. Interdis J of Yagya Res 2018;1:15–20.

Nilachal N, Trivedi P. A case study of the effect of Yagya on the level of stress and anxiety. Interdis J of Yagya Res 2019;2:07–10.

Trivedi D. Aromatherapy and Yagya Therapy for Mental Health. Interdis J of Yagya Res 2021;3:29–41.

Shrivastava V, Batham L, Mishra S, Mishra A. Management of Symptoms Associated with Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD) and PolyCystic Ovarian Disease (PCOD) through an Integrated Approach including Yagya Therapy. Interdis J of Yagya Res 2019;2:39–51.

Desai R, Tailor A, Bhatt T. Effects of yoga on brain waves and structural activation: A review. Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice 2015;21:112–8.

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.