Effect of Yogic intervention on Premenstrual Syndrome among Adolescence


Premenstrual syndrome
Mental Health
Adolescent girls


How to Cite

Sahu, R. ., & Barnwal, S. L. . (2022). Effect of Yogic intervention on Premenstrual Syndrome among Adolescence: Yoga and PMS. Dev Sanskriti Interdisciplinary International Journal, 20, 06–11. https://doi.org/10.36018/dsiij.v20i.260


Background: Premenstrual Syndromes (PMS) are major public health issues that have a significant impact on one's mental health. Additional healthcare costs, absenteeism from work, and activity restrictions all add to the economic burden of such a disorder. Yoga as a therapeutic regimen has been shown to be useful to individuals with mental health and premenstrual syndrome. Aim of the study: The present study was conducted to assess the effect of Yogic intervention on Premenstrual syndrome among Adolescence. Methodology: 30 students were selected from the Government Girls Higher secondary school with ages ranging from 14 to 17 years (group average age±SD 38.37±5.52 years). They all filled Modified Moos menstrual Distress questionnaire before and after the yogic intervention. They were randomly divided into Control and Experimental group. The participants in experimental group did Yoga for 45 minutes each day for 10 weeks under supervision of a female yoga therapist whereas those in control group did not do any such specific activity. Results: Data were analyzed using paired sample t-test. There was a statistically significant reduction in the pain, water retention, autonomic reactions, negative effect, impaired concentration, behavior change, arousal, Control in yoga group as compared to control group. Computed t-value for all participants (i.e., 6.31) has been found significant for df = 28, P<0.01. Conclusion: Premenstrual syndrome can be alleviated by the Yogic Intervention. It is therefore possible to administer yogic intervention (asans and breathing exercises) to help alleviate the symptoms of premenstrual syndrome (PMS) in Adolescence girls.



Raval CM, Panchal BN, Tiwari DS, Vala AU, Bhatt RB. Prevalence of premenstrual syndrome and premenstrual dysphoric disorder among college students of Bhavnagar, Gujarat. Indian J Psychiatry. 2016;58(2).


Joshi J, Pandey S, Galvankar P, Gogate J. Prevalence of premenstrual symptoms: Preliminary analysis and brief review of management strategies. J Midlife Health. 2010;1(1). https://doi.org/10.4103/0976-7800.66995

Sharma, P. Malhotra, C. Taneja, D.K. and Saha R. Problems related to menstruation amongst adolescent girls. Indian J Pediatr. 2010;75(2):125-9. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12098-008-0018-5

Tolossa FW, Bekele ML. Prevalence, impacts and medical managements of premenstrual syndrome among female students: Cross-sectional study in college of health sciences, Mekelle University, Mekelle, Northern Ethiopia. BMC Womens Health. 2014;14(1). https://doi.org/10.1186/1472-6874-14-52

Shamnani G, Gupta V, Jiwane R, Singh S, Tiwari S, Bhartiy S. Prevalence of premenstrual syndrome and premenstrual dysphoric disorder among medical students and its impact on their academic and social performance. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2018;8(9). https://doi.org/10.5455/njppp.2018.8.0415728042018

Nisar N, Zehra N, Haider G, Munir AA, Sohoo NA. Frequency, intensity and impact of premenstrual syndrome in medical students. J Coll Physicians Surg Pakistan. 2008;18(8).

Bakhshani NM, Mousavi MN, Khodabandeh G. Prevalence and severity of premenstrual symptoms among Iranian female university students. J Pak Med Assoc. 2009;59(4).

Yang M, Wallenstein G, Hagan M, Guo A, Chang J, Kornstein S. Burden of premenstrual dysphoric disorder on health-related quality of life. J Women's Heal. 2008;17(1).


Buddhabunyakan N, Kaewrudee S, Chongsomchai C, Soontrapa S, Somboonporn W, Sothornwit J. Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) among high school students. Int J Womens Health. 2017;9. https://doi.org/10.2147/IJWH.S140679

Choudhary A, Mishra J. Effect of 16 weeks yogic intervention in premenstrual syndrome. Int J Pharma Bio Sci. 2013;4(1).

Cicek G. The effect of regular aerobic exercises on premenstrual syndrome in sedentary women. Balt J Heal Phys Act. 2018;10(2). https://doi.org/10.29359/BJHPA.10.2.04

Williams K, Abildso C, Steinberg L, Doyle E, Epstein B, Smith D, et al. Evaluation of the effectiveness and efficacy of iyengar yoga therapy on chronic low back pain. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2009;34(19). https://doi.org/10.1097/BRS.0b013e3181b315cc

Tsai FH, Chu IH, Lin TY, Liang JM, Hsu HT, Wu WL. Preliminary evidence on the effect of Yoga on the reduction of edema in women with premenstrual syndrome. Eur J Integr Med. 2017;9. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.eujim.2016.10.001

Aggarwal A, Rao T, Palekar T, Paranjape P, Singh G. Effect of Yogasanas and Pranayama on Pain, Severity and Quality of Life in Primary Dysmennorhea. Int J Med Public Heal. 2020;10(1).

Rakhshaee Z. Effect of Three Yoga Poses (Cobra, Cat and Fish Poses) in Women with Primary Dysmenorrhea: A Randomized Clinical Trial. J Pediatr Adolesc Gynecol. 2011;24(4). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpag.2011.01.059

Sharma B, Misra R, Singh K, Sharma R, Archana. Comparative study of effect of anuloma-viloma (pranayam) and yogic asanas in premenstrual syndrome. Indian J Physiol Pharmacol. 2013;57(4).

Ghaffarilaleh G, Ghaffarilaleh V, Sanamno Z, Kamalifard M, Alibaf L. Effects of yoga on quality of sleep of women with premenstrual syndrome. Altern Ther Health Med. 2019;25(5).

Samadi Z, Taghian F, Valiani M. Effects of pilates and aerobic exercise on symptoms of premenstrual syndrome in non-athlete girls. J Isfahan Med Sch. 2013;30(213).

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.