Perception of Students and Faculty about Mounted Display of Dry Human Bones as Visual Educational Tool


Display board
Self-directed learning
Visual educational tool


How to Cite

Charania, J., Lone, M., Randhir, N., Shete, R. ., & Khushale, K. . (2023). Perception of Students and Faculty about Mounted Display of Dry Human Bones as Visual Educational Tool. Dev Sanskriti Interdisciplinary International Journal, 22, 12–16.


This study aimed to assess the usefulness of mounted display boards of dry human bones as a self-directed learning tool for 1st year Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery (MBBS) students studying osteology. A prospective observational questionnaire-based study was conducted in a medical college attached to a tertiary care hospital in western Maharashtra. Feedback was obtained from 159 out of 200 participating students and was subjected for analysis. The results showed that the majority of students found the mounted display boards to be interesting (89%), beneficial for presentation skills (83%), improving thinking ability (82%), easing drawing tasks (62%), facilitating self-directed learning (79%), reducing mistakes during assessments (84%), enhancing subject understanding (91%), and promoting departmental involvement. The findings suggest that the development of department-specific display boards can enhance students' drawing skills, improve subject comprehension, thinking ability, and reduce errors made by students (75% students). Furthermore, the inclusion of charts with muscle attachments on the display boards was recommended by 94\% students for additional utility. Overall, these findings highlight the significance of incorporating mounted display boards into anatomy departments as a valuable educational resource.


MUHS. Anatomy syllabus on MUHS website [Internet]. Available from:

Chakrabarti S, Raghunath G, Vijayalakshmi. Challenges in learning Anatomy by first MBBS students of 2016-17 batch its difficulties and assessment methods preferred by them -a feedback study. Indian Journal of Clinical Anatomy and Physiology. 2018;5(3):416-421.

Patra S, Khan AM, Upadhyay MK, Sharma R, Rajoura OP, Bhasin SK. Module to facilitate self-directed learning among medical undergraduates: Development and implementation. J Edu Health Promot. 2020;9:231.

Bucholz JL, Sheffler JL. Creating a Warm and Inclusive Classroom Environment: Planning for All Children to Feel Welcome [Internet]. Electronic Journal for Inclusive Education. 2009;2(4).

Cunningham DJ. The bones of the upper and lower limbs. Cunningham’s Manual of Practical Anatomy. 15th ed. New York: Oxford Medical Publication; Reprint 2009. p. 243.

Khushale KD, Bhosale YJ, Shyamkishore K. Preparing histology charts for 1st MBBS students and perception of students and faculty. Indian Journal of Clinical Anatomy and Physiology. 2017;4(1):118-122.

Medical Council of India. Competency-based Undergraduate curriculum for the Indian Medical Graduate, 2018. Vol. 1; p. 41-79.

Findlater GS, Kristmundsdottir F, Parson SH, Gillingwater TH. Development of a supported self-directed learning approach for anatomy education. Anat Sci Ed. 2012;5:114-121. doi:10.1002/ase.1255.

Government Of India Ministry Of Health And Family Welfare. Transplantation of Human Organs and Tissues Rules, 2013, Published In Part Ii Sub-Section (I) Section 3 (Extraordinary) Notification G.S.R.E. New Delhi: The Bombay Anatomy Act, 1949. Available from:

Anil A. Med students go hunting for skeletons [Internet]. Bangalore Mirror. Available from:

Manyacka Ma Nyemb P, Ndoye J, Faye B, Diagne I, Gueye L. Improving the Receptivity of Students During An Anatomy Course Using Pedagogical Innovations. The Internet Journal of Surgery. 2014;31(2).

Raubenheimer D, Mostert A, Raubenheimer JE, Nel A. Learning osteology: what resources do undergraduate anatomy students prefer? Eur J Anat. 2019;23(3):177-186.

Pujol S, Baldwin M, Nassiri J, Kikinis R, Shaffer K. Using 3D modeling techniques to enhance teaching of difficult anatomical concepts. Radiologic education. 2016;23(4):507-516.

Williamson SN. The Development of Self-Rating Scale of Self-Directed Learning. Nurse Researcher. 2007;14(2):65-72.

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Copyright (c) 2023 Jayaben Charania, Mangesh Lone, Nisha Randhir, Rohini Shete, Kishor Khushale